2 Samuel 5:13-25 | Trusting in God's Guidance and Strength | The Life And Times of King David

More Episodes
Introduction to the Davidic Era:
Ruth 4:17-22 | David's Ancestry and Origins | The Life of King David
1 Samuel 16:1-13 | David's Anointing | Sermon 3 - The Life and Times of King David
1 Samuel 16:14-23 | David The Harpist | Sermon 4
1 Samuel 17:1-24 | David And Goliath (Part 1) | Sermon 5
New 1 Samuel 17:24-58 | David and Goliath, Pt. 2 | The Life and Times of King David
1 Samuel 18 | Covenant, Kinship, and Kingdom | The Life and Times of King David
1 Samuel 19:1-17 | From Royal Courts to Fugitive Nights | The Life and Times of King Davis
1 Samuel 19:18-20:42 | The Flight and Covenant | The Life and Times of King Davis
1 Samuel 21:1-9 | David at Nob - A Fugitive’s Struggle | The Life and Times of King Davis
1 Samuel 21:10-15 | David in Gath | The Life and Times of King David
Sermon 12: From Fugitive to Leader: David's Ascent at Adullam | The Life and Times of King David
Sermon 12: From Fugitive to Leader: David's Ascent at Adullam | The Life and Times of King David new
1 Samuel 22:6-23 | Massacre At Nob | The Life and Times of King David
1 Samuel 23 | The Trials of David in Keilah and Ziph | The Life And Times of King David
1 Samuel 24, 26 | David's Integrity | The Life And Times of King David
1 Samuel 25 | Lessons From The Foolish And The Wise | The Life And Times of King David
1 Samuel 27 | Strategic Alliances (and Lies) | The Life And Times of King David
1 Samuel 29 | David and the Philistines | The Life And Times of King David
1 Samuel 30 | Reaping The Whirlwind | The Life and Times of King David
2 Samuel 1 | The Dawn of David's Reign | The Life And Times of King David
2 Samuel 2 | David The King | The Life And Times of King David
2 Samuel 3 | Shifting Allegiances and the Tragedy of Revenge | The Life And Times of King David
2 Samuel 4:4-5:5 | Rise of a King: Power, Conflict, and Faith | The Life And Times of King David
2 Samuel 5:6-12 The Conquest of Jerusalem | The Life And Times of King David
2 Samuel 6:1-23 | A Spiritual Home for Israel | The Life And Times of King David

Watch On Biblify

by Randy White Ministries Sunday, May 12, 2024

**The Life & Times of King David | Dr. Randy White
2 Samuel 5:13-25 | Trusting in God's Guidance and Strength | Sermon 25**

Click here for a downloadable outline: https://humble-sidecar-837.notion.site/Sermon-25-Trusting-in-God-s-Guidance-and-Strength-2ddbe9f37a02455580a64ea2e02fc844?pvs=4

In the last sermon, we witnessed David's strategic consolidation of power with his capture of Jerusalem, a city that previously symbolized an incomplete conquest and an unfulfilled promise. This was a significant turning point, marking the transition from fragmented leadership to a unified kingdom under David's rule. David's victory over the Jebusites not only secured a political stronghold but also laid the foundation for Jerusalem becoming a spiritual sanctuary for the Israelites.

As we proceed we will dive deeper into David's expansion of his household and his encounters with the Philistines. We will explore how David, now firmly established in Jerusalem, navigates new challenges and further consolidates his power.

Expansion of David's Household (2 Samuel 5:13-16)

After taking Jerusalem, David had more wives and concubines, reflecting the era's norms. The Bible presents these facts without judgment, merely stating David's actions. David already had several wives before this chapter, including Michal, Ahinoam, Abigail, Maacah, Haggith, Abital, and Eglah, and later added Bathsheba.

David's children born in Jerusalem include eleven named sons. Among them, Nathan and Solomon are prominent. Nathan is significant as the ancestor of Mary, Jesus’ mother, linking Old Testament promises to David and their New Testament fulfillment. Solomon, known for his wisdom and achievements like the building of the First Temple, succeeded David as king.

The text uses "chronological compression" to condense information, giving a broad overview without extensive detail. More depth about Solomon, his wisdom, reign, and relation to Bathsheba, who is not named in this list, will be explored later.

The Philistine Challenge (2 Samuel 5:17-25)

Upon hearing of David's coronation, the Philistines, wary of past issues, mobilized their forces in the Valley of Rephaim. Instead of retaliating immediately, David retreated to a stronghold for strategic planning, emphasizing the importance of strategy in conflict resolution.

David's retreat, or "went down to the hold" (v. 17), was a tactical move to a secure location, prepared during his tenure in Hebron. The Valley of Rephaim, a key battlefield now part of Jerusalem, was in the vicinity.

Instead of relying solely on military tactics, David "enquired of the LORD" (v. 19) before the battle, likely through Urim and Thummim, demonstrating his dependence on God's guidance. God advised him to advance towards the enemy, assuring victory.

This consultation method of Urim and Thummim has now been replaced by "rightly dividing the word of truth" (2 Timothy 2:15) and is done through prayer and the Bible. With complete Scripture and the Holy Spirit's wisdom (2 Timothy 3:17), believers should seek God's guidance through prayerful study and application of His Word.

David's swift victory at Baal-perazim, as per God's assurance, led him to credit God with the success. He named the site "Baal-perazim" or "Lord of Breakthroughs," symbolizing God's power and support.

After the victory, David burned the Philistines' idols (v. 21), signifying Israel's God's supremacy. This act reinforced both the military and spiritual significance of the victory.

Philistines Regroup and Attack Again (vv. 22-25)

Verse 22 reveals the Philistines regrouped for a second confrontation with David, after an unspecified time for strategizing and recovery. The Bible clusters these accounts thematically, emphasizing recurring Philistine threats and David's responses.

David's second inquiry to God led to a different strategy. "Fetch a compass behind them," instructed David to take a circuitous route and approach the Philistines from behind.

Verse 24 advised David to wait until hearing "a going in the tops of the mulberry trees," a sign indicating God's presence in battle. This sound represented the Lord's heavenly forces, underscoring that victory would stem from divine intervention, not just military might.

David's obedience to these instructions led to victory over the Philistines. David's forces made a detour, waited for the divine signal, then attacked. The phrase "smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer" (v 25) signifies a comprehensive defeat across a considerable distance, from Geba to Gazer.

Isaiah 28:21 references these battles, highlighting their significance in Israel's history as symbols of God's power and intervention. Despite limited information about the battle at Baal-perazim, it remained an enduring symbol of divine intervention in Isaiah’s era.


In conclusion, this segment offers powerful insights into David's reign. We witness David's unwavering dependence on God for guidance, reinforcing the importance of seeking divine counsel in all our decisions. We celebrate God as the Breaker, leading His people to a decisive victory against a longstanding adversary, the Philistines. Finally, we observe David's leadership, marked by both personal and public responsibility, setting an example for leaders in every generation. These narratives continue to inspire and guide us in our journey of faith today.

New on Worshify